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This subfield is dealt with from researchers who investigate the dynamic aspects of a system that comprises more decentralised and more renewable energy. Among the examined topics for instance the optimized and combined use of local available potentials of renewable energy in consideration of opposing claims on land use or territories. Moreover it is about challenges for municipalities to establish electricity and heat local and "nature-based" and to anticipate possible innovations in the building sector and consider different international frame conditions and different groups of stakeholders. Researchers who deal with changes of behaviour, a discrepancy of attitudes and actions, a reduction of the domestic energy consumption and a relevance of the human well-being are engaged in this subfield. Likewise, comparisons of different strategies (e.g. "autarky" vs. "integration") play a central role.

The following researchers are interested in this subfield: