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RES TMO - Regional Energy Supply and Storage in the Trinational Metropolitan Region Oberrhein (Upper Rhine)

The conversion to renewable energy sources (RES) is regarded worldwide as a significant challenge in the same way as in the Upper Rhine Trinational Metropolitan Region (TMO). In this context, the focus is on issues relating to the continuous security of energy supply and the flexibility of supply systems. The solution to this problem lies in the complementary use of energy systems and the improvement of storage capacities. The partners in the Interreg "RES-TMO" project are now developing an energy concept for the Upper Rhine region that will enable cross-border potential to be exploited efficiently.

This concept, which is also a "roadmap for an integrated RES-based energy market on the Upper Rhine", will contain scenarios, tools and recommendations for optimal cross-border use of complementary potentials on the basis of optimised transnational network structures. The aim is to identify and remove the border-related barriers to increasing the RES share in the energy mix, to make optimum use of the complementary generation, demand and storage potentials for RES and thus to generate synergy effects. This would contribute both to reducing emissions of air pollutants and greenhouse gases within the programme area and to security of supply despite strong energy systems.

The concept can support policy makers in implementing the energy system transformation within the programme area and at the same time serve as a blueprint for other European border regions.

Project website: www.res-tmo.com

Project coordinator at the University of Freiburg: Ines Gavrilut, ines.gavrilut felis.uni-freiburg de


SuMo-Rhine - Promotion of Sustainable Mobility in the Upper Rhine Region

Mobility is a central factor in society, both economically and socially. In its current form, however, in France and Switzerland it contributes about 30% and in Germany about 20% to the national harmful CO2 emissions.

The aim of the "SuMo-Rhine" project is to support cities and municipalities on the Upper Rhine in the development and expansion of cross-border sustainable transport systems. The cross-border transport systems existing on the Upper Rhine are comprehensively analysed and evaluated using the metropolitan areas of Strasbourg and Lörrach as examples. In the course of this, the project partners will set up a novel "decision support system". Using a web application, the system makes measurable and not least comparable indicators for sustainable mobility accessible. Cities, municipalities, mobility offices and mobility service providers should be able to identify potentials for improving transport services with low environmental impact and for increasing the market share of alternative modes of transport much more precisely than before.

The Interreg project "SuMo-Rhine" is coordinated by the Franco-German Institute for Environmental Research (DFIU) of the Karlsruhe Institute for Environmental Research (KIT).

Project leader at the University of Freiburg: Janusch Jehle, janusch.jehle@felis.uni-freiburg.de; Samuel Mayer, samuel.mayer@felis.uni-freiburg.de

Project website: sumo-rhine.com


NAVEBGO - Sustainable reduction of biocide input into the groundwater of the Upper Rhine

The cross-border Upper Rhine aquifer provides valuable ecosystem services for both drinking water supply and irrigation, which must be protected now and for future generations. In a recent study carried out by the project executing agency in a district of Freiburg, a clear groundwater influx of biocides and their transformation products from film protection agents for architectural paints and plasters was demonstrated using Diuron, Terbutryn and Octhilinon as examples. This was achieved by infiltration of contaminated runoff into urban infiltration structures.

Similar entries are likely in other urban areas in the area of the Upper Rhine aquifer. However, no comprehensive inventory or risk assessment has yet been carried out for this inflow path. In particular, it is not known at which points the most significant groundwater entry occurs and whether there are sensible alternatives to the use of biocides on facades, which are actually used by the relevant actors (from do-it-yourselfers and painters to political decision-makers).

There is therefore an urgent need for knowledge and action, as micropollutants can remain in groundwater for decades and accumulate in various places.
NAVEBGO is developing a strategy to sustainably reduce the contamination of the Upper Rhine aquifer by biocides from settlement areas. The project pursues the following objectives:

Through site inspections, monitoring and hydrological modelling, NAVEBGO aims to document the existing input of biocides and their transformation products in the districts of Landau, Freiburg and Strasbourg.
NAVEBGO will use laboratory and field experiments to investigate the processes involved in groundwater discharge.
NAVEBGO wants to identify the affected chains of actors and their perceptions and practices through sociological actor analyses.
Finally, NAVEBGO would like to examine technical measures for the reduction of inputs and alternatives to the use of biocides in façade protection and disseminate them among the relevant actors.

The strategy will be developed for three cities of different sizes (Strasbourg, Freiburg, Landau), but is generally available and applicable to all settlement areas in the Upper Rhine.

Project coordinator at the University of Freiburg: Jens Lange, jens.lange@hydrology.uni-freiburg.de

Projektwebsite: www.navebgo.uni-freiburg.de/de


SMI: Inclusive Smart Meter - Artificial intelligence to support proactive control of energy consumption by end users (copy 1)

SMI is an interdisciplinary and tri-national research project with ERDF co-financing by the EU programme Interreg V Oberrhein, managed by the University of Haute Alsace, Mulhouse (UHA IRIMAS-Institut de Recherche en Informatique, Mathématiques, Automatique et Signal) and developed in collaboration with over 15 partners from science and industry.

In response to the European Directive 2009/72/EC for the internal electricity market and to reduce energy consumption, the project aims to improve the integration and acceptance of smart meters by households and to develop a new smart meter that is more efficient, safer and better accepted by consumers. New smart meter functionalities will be developed within this framework to measure and predict the individual consumption of electrical appliances by end users, taking into account energy prices, available production and storage capacities. The laboratory prototype including the smart meter will be tested with the help of associated partners.

The project can be divided into five complementary parts:

1. mapping smart meters and their types to get a clear and precise understanding of the existing potential of smart meters of different types in the development of demand-response measures in the context of flexibilisation mechanisms to balance an energy system based on renewable energies in the Upper Rhine region.

2. modelling (assumption + participatory use) the acceptance of smart meters by households by examining on the one hand the social representations associated with smart meters and on the other hand the degree of satisfaction, expectations and uses related to the technical characteristics of smart meters. This study will be carried out in two phases: on existing smart meters and on the solution proposed in this project.

3. artificial intelligence for the development of the smart meter and security concepts for distributed smart grids. The results of the general public survey of the previous task will help to lay the foundations for an intelligent tool for detailed observation of the energy behaviour of uses with maximum data security.

4. modifying and thoroughly harmonising the current legal framework for smart meters for a compatible cross-sectoral legal framework and significantly broadening the legal possibilities available to stakeholders.

5. the preparation of a white paper in 3 languages (French, German and English) on smart meters, which, in addition to the state of the art, also sets out the perspectives for future development.

Project coordinator at the University of Freiburg: Ines Gavrilut, ines.gavrilut@felis.uni-freiburg.de